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What are Based Rollups?

What are Based Rollups?

Explore how Based Rollups use Ethereum for sequencing to simplify and secure blockchain scaling, offering an efficient solution.

Summary: Based Rollups simplify and secure blockchain scaling by leveraging Ethereum's core infrastructure for transaction sequencing. This method cuts down on complexity and costs by using Ethereum's own validators to organize transactions, bypassing the need for extra consensus mechanisms.

Essentially, Based Rollups promise a more efficient and unified future for Ethereum scaling, making blockchain faster and more accessible without compromising on its decentralized ethos.

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What is a Based Rollup?

Based Rollups are an emerging class of Layer 2 solutions that directly harness the sequencing capabilities of Layer 1 (L1) blockchains, notably Ethereum. This ensures a seamless integration that capitalizes on the L1's security, decentralization, and liveness attributes. This L1-sequenced approach called Based Sequencing, negates the complexity of additional mechanisms like sequencer signature verifications or external PoS consensus models, markedly simplifying transaction processing while inheriting the robust framework of its L1 counterpart.

From an economic standpoint, Based Rollups offer a lean scalability solution, stripping away the gas overhead associated with traditional rollup models and sidestepping the need for token-based operations. This efficiency, coupled with the inherent economic security benefits derived from their L1 alignment, solidifies Based Rollups as a promising scalability solution, characterized by their simplicity, economic feasibility, and alignment with L1 ecosystems.

What is a Based Rollup?

How Does Based Sequencing Work?

Based Sequencing integrates rollup transactions directly within Ethereum's Layer 1 blocks, leveraging the existing L1 validators for transaction ordering. Here’s a high-level technical breakdown of how it works:

  1. Collaboration: L1 proposers work in conjunction with searchers and builders to incorporate rollup transactions.
  2. Permissionless Inclusion: Any next rollup block can be included in the next L1 block without special permissions, ensuring openness.
  3. No External Consensus: It bypasses the need for external Proof of Stake consensus mechanisms, relying entirely on Ethereum's existing validation process.
  4. Direct L1 Alignment: The sequence of rollup transactions follows Ethereum's block order, making the rollup's operation tightly integrated with Ethereum's security and uptime guarantees.
  5. Economic and Operational Efficiency: By using L1 for sequencing, it eliminates gas overhead from signature verifications and reduces the complexity and cost of rollup operation.

This framework not only simplifies the sequencing process but also fortifies the rollup's security and decentralization by leveraging Ethereum's established infrastructure.

Based Sequencing

Based Rollups vs Other Rollups

Based Rollups distinguish themselves from traditional rollups, such as Arbitrum and Optimism, primarily through their sequencing mechanism and its implications for decentralization, security, and economic alignment. Here's a comparative analysis:

  • Based Rollups: Utilize Ethereum's Layer 1 for transaction sequencing, inheriting its robust decentralization and security, simplifying operations by eliminating the need for separate sequencers, and aligning economically with Ethereum to bolster its security while foregoing potential MEV revenue.
  • Traditional Rollups: Rely on proprietary sequencers, introducing risks of centralization, potential downtime, and censorship concerns, alongside complex consensus mechanisms and escape hatches that complicate operations and can degrade user experience while enabling sequencer-extracted MEV.

In essence, Based Rollups' reliance on Ethereum's L1 for sequencing presents a streamlined, economically aligned, and decentralized alternative to traditional rollups, which navigate challenges related to sequencer centralization and its resultant externalities.

Examples of Based Rollups

Taiko's Based Booster Rollup (BBR) exemplifies the technical evolution in Ethereum scaling, marrying the concept of based rollups with booster mechanisms. BBR utilizes Ethereum's Layer 1 validators for sequencing, inheriting the base layer's security and decentralization attributes. 

This model not only simplifies transaction processing by avoiding complex consensus algorithms but also strategically mitigates the fragmentation issue by enabling atomic cross-rollup transactions. 

Essentially, BBR amplifies Ethereum's scalability by allowing L1 to directly propose blocks for an interconnected network of rollups, streamlining the scaling process without compromising on decentralization.

Examples of Based Rollups

Bottom Line

In summary, Based Rollups enhance Ethereum's scalability by smartly utilizing Ethereum for transaction ordering. This reduces the need for separate consensus mechanisms, significantly simplifying processes and cutting costs. By directly tapping into Ethereum's Layer 1 for sequencing, Based Rollups streamline operations while upholding Ethereum's security standards. They mark a stride towards a more efficient, unified approach to blockchain scaling, ensuring quick and accessible transactions without compromising decentralization.

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